Enjoy the wild beauty of the Altai Mountains in the far west of Mongolia, riding where few outsiders have ever travelled - camping under the stars, cooking over an open fire, riding rarely explored trails. Ride in scenic, challenging countryside in an extremely remote area within the high snowy peaks forming the border with China. The landscapes encompass open plains to dense forests, alpine grasslands and snowy peaks with crystal clear rivers and lakes. It’s some way out of Ulanbaatar, but well worth the effort to get there.
We have no set route, exploring the region, stopping at suitable camp sites and cooking meals over an open fire. This can be challenging so be prepared for some long days. Mongolian horses are hardy, full of character and there are a range of horses to be matched with riders of every calibre. The horses are all well trained and responsive to western style neck reining. There are spots for gallops for confident riders to really let their horses move and less experienced riders are accommodated for on alternative trails. This ride is a fantastic opportunity to meet and interact with the local nomads and learn about their culture, including seeing the eagle hunters at work.
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Arrive in Ulaanbaatar. We will meet you at the airport/train station and take you to our hotel. You are free to explore this fascinating city before we gather for an evening meal and meet your fellow riders.
Fly to Ulgii the main town of Bayan-Ulgii aimag (province). Then a 4 hour drive south to Altai sum (village), on the edge of Altai Tavan Bogd National park (4hrs), and meet the horses. We start with a safety briefing and pointers about the local riding style, and then begin matching you to your ideal horse. A ride around the local area in the evening will allow you to decide if this is the horse for you
Days 3 to 5
We start off by riding across open plains, up and over a high mountain pass, and into a hidden world of alpine meadows, forests and fast flowing streams in the National Park. Eventually we pass through the Mongolian border post and in to uninhabited 'no-mans land' along the Chinese border, where we set up our own gear as a base camp.
Days 6 to 11
From our base camp we head out on day and over-night rides in to the surrounding wilderness. Where we go on this part of the trip is dependant on the weather and the enthusiasm of the group for a challenge.
Days 12 to 14
Start making our way back to Altai sum. The route takes us over the 3000m 'Pass of Death', and out through the lovely Shar Gol Valley where we will once more be amongst the nomadic herders. There will be plenty of opportunity to enjoy their hospitality, including the chance to meet and interact with the eagle hunters who are prominent in the area.
Final ride, drive to Ulgii.
Fly back to Ulaanbaatar.
Transfers to airport.
We recommend that you stay in Ulanbaatar for an additional night before flying home. This gives you more time to explore the city and allows for any disruptions in the domestic flights on Day 16. We are happy to give recommendations for accommodation for this.
The most common route to Ulaan Baatar (ULN) from Europe is via Moscow (SVO) flying with Aeroflot (£500-£800). An alternative option is to fly to Beijing (PEK), serviced by many international airlines, and to then fly or take the Trans-Mongolian train to Ulaan Baatar. More recently Turkish Airlines also has good connections via Istanbul.
Even by Mongolian standards this area is off the beaten track, and riders are unlikely to encounter any other western tourists. Local nomadic families are not used to seeing foreigners, but are very welcoming, which makes for a rewarding cultural experience. The itinerary of the trips is flexible, allowing for more riding time if the group decides as a whole. If riders would like to see Przewalski horses (the world’s only true wild horse), a day or overnight trip from Ulaan Baatar can be arranged (before or after the trip, at extra cost).
The four-wheel drive support vehicle allows participants to have a level of comfort which is not possible with pack horses (food, camping equipment etc). However to avoid this detracting from the ‘adventurousness’ of the trip, you meet the vehicle at the end of the day, while during the day you follow routes accessible only on horseback.
For riders arriving in Ulaan Baatar before day one of the trip, or staying longer after the trip, we can assist with arranging accommodation. Due to international arrival/departure schedules, it is often necessary to include an extra day or two in Ulaan Baatar before or after the trip. Small saddle bags are provided for each rider, which will hold a raincoat, water bottle and snacks for the day.
Please note, we will require a copy of your passport (photograph or scan of the ID page) to arrange internal flights, park permits and boarder permits. There is a 15kg weight limit on luggage for the internal flight. If your luggage exceeds this limit you will need to pay for the excess on site (approx. US$4/kg). It is possible to leave items at the hotel in a secure lock-up before setting out for the tour if necessary.
Mongolia is a developing country and this horse riding holiday is to a remote region.
Choosing between Nomadic Steppes and Altai Region
The riding in the Altai does tend to be slightly more hard-core, with some steep mountain trails, but also plenty of opportunities for fast riding. Toward the end of the season you may encounter snow storms in the mountains, so you do need to be prepared for inclement weather. Both regions still have the wonderful Mongolian tradition of hospitality, but if you really want to experience the local culture, the Altai definitely has the edge. Wildlife can still be seen in the Altai (ibex, elk, wolves etc), but are less common in Zavkhan.
The Nomadic Steppes area is more geographically diverse, with classic open steppe, desert lakes and forested mountains. You also get to experience the Great Mongolian Road Trip if driving from UB to the start. Realistically anyone who is fit and active and has a good sense of adventure will be perfectly capable of participating in trips to either area.
We're avid readers here at Unicorn Trails and have selected several books connected to this ride. If you're interested in reading more about the area before you travel, or want to get into the cultural background, here are some suggestions that may inspire you. Click on the links for more information.
On the trail of Ghengis Khan - Tim Cope
Hearing birds fly - Louisa Waugh
Genghis Khan, Life Death and Resurrection - John Man
Amka and the Three Golden Rules (2014) - movie about contemporary small-town life. Trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_C8FDm17l1k
Nomads of Mongolia (2016) - short film featuring the nomadic herders and eagle hunting. Full movie: https://youtu.be/JsKNIeuKDrE
Please note: All itineraries are given for your guidance only and it may be altered on the ground and in accordance with the prevailing conditions by the organising team.
Even if you are an experienced rider, there will be a lot that is unfamiliar when it comes to Mongolian horses. Your hosts will take time to go through everything, and make sure everyone is comfortable with their horse before you head for the mountains. You are welcome to bring your own riding helmet, although it is not usual to wear one in Mongolia. A good compromise is to bring one to use for the first few days, until you are familiar with your horse.
The horses are local working horses, used by the local nomads for herding their livestock when they are not used on the trails and they are fit and kept in good condition. The hosts work with several local horse-owning families and have access to an almost unlimited number of horses. With so many horses available, the hosts are able to match horses to rider ability, from quiet horses (‘nomkhon mor’), through to more challenging ones for experienced riders. The horses are well-trained and responsive, but are not ‘broken’ to the same extent as horses in the West. They respond to western-style neck-reining.
Mongolian horses are small but extremely tough, ranging in size from 12.2hh to 14.2hh, average 13.2hh. Tack is Basic Mongolian tack, with ‘Russian style’ saddles (more comfortable than the traditional Mongolian design). Riders will be fully instructed on how to handle and ride Mongolian horses. Less experienced riders will be helped with basic riding skills where necessary.
Saddle bags are provided.
Participants should be prepared to ride 4-5 hours per day, although there may be longer days when necessary. The pace of riding is dependent on the terrain, and the ability of the group members, but in open country there will be the opportunity for confident riders to gallop (the group can split up during the day). The day’s riding tends to start with a morning ride, followed by a good lunch break, and then 2-3 hours before making camp in late afternoon. Terrain is highly variable, including open grass steppe-land, forested mountains and valleys.
Local wranglers are responsible for looking after the horses, but riders are more than welcome to assist and learn local techniques. Meals will be prepared, but riders are encouraged to help. Pitching of tents is the responsibility of the rider. Riders are expected to contribute to camping activities such as gathering of firewood. Riders are encouraged to assist when deciding on potential routes while riding.
This ride can be adapted to riders of all ability from beginner to advanced, although you must be able to mount and dismount unaided. They also need to be familiar with camping, as this can be fairly strenuous. The usual minimum age for this ride is 15 years of age, although younger children will be considered if they are experienced enough. Please enquire. Much of the trip is in a remote and mountainous region with demanding terrain. Riders should be fit and active, comfortable in the outdoors and willing to take on a challenge. All trips are accompanied by a well-trained western guide as well as local guides and support staff, including an English speaking interpreter.
Please note, we will require a copy of your passport (photograph or scan of the ID page) to arrange internal flights, park permits and boarder permits.
The weight limit for this ride is 16 st/220 lb/100 kg, please enquire if you are an experienced rider exceeding this weight.
In Ulaan Baatar you will stay in multi bed rooms (4-8 people) with ensuite. Twin rooms can be arranged on request. While riding, we will be camping, 2 person hiking tent, so there is plenty of room. Clients are not expected to share a tent with a member of the opposite sex (unless they choose to). Campsites will have a natural water source for washing, and a solar shower will be available. Toilet facilities will be basic.
Simple hearty meals are cooked over an open fire. We carry rice and pasta, and get fresh meat and dairy products from local nomadic people. We will bring fresh fruit and vegetables with us for the first few days. Delicious wild berries are available at certain times of year, and there are fish in the streams. There are opportunities to sample local delicacies such as airag (fermented mare’s milk) and oorum (Mongolian clotted cream). Typical day’s meals: Breakfast: porridge or muesli with fresh yak’s yoghurt. Lunch: home made bread, local cheese, salami and spreads, pickled vegetables and fruit. Dinner: mild Indian-style lamb curry with rice. Snacks: chocolate bars, biscuits, tea, coffee, various local snacks. The food on this trek is of a much higher standard than you would typically get in the region – Mongolia is not famous for its cuisine!
Vegetarian or other dietary requirements can be accommodated with advanced notice. Please contact Unicorn Trails with requests.
Please note that it is your responsibility to ensure you have the correct documentation in place for your trip. If Visa’s are required the requirements can change from year to year depending on diplomatic relations. Please request information from the appropriate Consulate in your home country. Unicorn Trails will assist with any questions you have or supply any necessary supporting documents as required by the consulate on request.
All British and European passport holders must have a Mongolian visa. A Mongolian visa (for up to 30 days stay) is normally valid for six months from the date of issue and should be obtained from your nearest Mongolian Embassy before travelling. Your passport must be valid for more than six months after the date you intend to enter Mongolia.
Mongolian embassy in the UK can be contacted at:
Address: 7 Kensington Court, London W8 5DL, Telephone: (020) 7937 0150, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.embassyofmongolia.co.uk/
In the UK the British Foreign Office gives travel advice on 0207 008 0232/0233 or at www.fco.gov.uk.
The British Embassy in Mongolia can be found at: 30 Enkh Taivny Gudamzh, (P O Box 703), Ulaanbaatar 13, Mongolia
Telephone: (976) (11) 458133
Office Hours Local Time:
Mon-Thurs: 0830-1300 & 1400-1700, Fri: 0830-1330
Mongolia has an extreme climate, with short hot summers and long cold winters. The best time to ride is the late spring/summer/early autumn period, from May to September, when the days tend to be warm and sunny. Nights are clear and cold even during summer, providing spectacular starry night skies. Showers can occur at any time, but are usually short-lived.
In spring/early summer the wildflowers in the mountains are spectacular, but mosquitoes and other bugs can be abundant at this time of year. At the height of summer, temperatures are warm but not unpleasantly hot. By September, the forests are showing their autumn colours and it is possible to get early snow showers. Winter in this area is extremely cold, with temperatures often falling below -30C. Mongolia is a dry country with low humidity.
For up to date information on specific health concerns please contact the Medical Advisors For Travellers Abroad. Their website can be found at www.masta.org. You should also consult your G.P.
Mongolia is a relatively healthy country, with no vaccines needed other than the usual ones for travelling in the developing world (typhoid, tetanus, hepatitis A, polio). We suggest taking a small personal medical kit as above. A comprehensive group medical kit will be carried at all times.
We recommend that you visit a travel medical specialist such as Nomad Travel Store and Medical Centre www.nomadtravel.co.uk (in the UK), or your GP, prior to departure. They can give the latest advice on recommended vaccines for Mongolia, and suggest what to have in your personal medical kit. John is trained as a Wilderness First Responder (for situations where help may be some days away, as opposed to just first aid), but if you have medical training yourself please let us know. Most small towns have medical facilities, and while basic, in our experience they are of a reasonable standard
Electricity is 220 volts (U.K is 230) and most appliances can be plugged in with appropriate adaptors.
Your hosts now have an invertor which runs off the vehicle battery and produces 230V, into which any UK mains electric appliance can be plugged (good for charging camera, ipod etc). There is also a battery charger, which can charge ordinary rechargeable AA and AAA batteries.
The support vehicle has a cigarette lighter which fits a standard adaptor, allowing cameras to be recharged. The ride will meet the suport vehicles every evening so there are many opportunities to re-charge batteries. Mobile phone calls can be made in Tosontsengel, but NOT once you are riding.
Ulaanbaatar is quite a ‘wired’ city, with numerous internet cafes, and even a free wireless network covering the city centre. If checking bank accounts etc, it is best to use the internet service in your hotel. There is cell phone coverage in UB, and some smaller towns which we will pass along the way. Once we start riding, there will be no coverage.
Sleeping bag and liner (good quality 3-4 season)
Riding / Camping clothes:
Riding hat. These are not supplied (although it is not usual to wear a riding hat in Mongolia).
Chaps are supplied but riders may like to bring their own
Boots / walking shoes
Comfortable trousers or jodhpurs
Shirts / T-shirts
Spare shoes / sandals
Thermal tops and leggings
Jersey / polar fleece
Raincoat and water proof over-trousers
Riders need to bear in mind that there is a large temperature range between day and night, it’s recommended to bring several warm layers for the evening.
Personal first aid kit:
We will have a comprehensive first aid kit for the group, but we suggest riders have their own kit containing items listed below:
Diarrhoea - Imodium or Lomotil
Constipation – mild laxatives
Headache or other mild aches and pains - paracetamol or disprin
Respiratory infections - nasal decongestant, throat lozenges
Skin care - sun block, after sun cream, lip balm
Wound care - betadine solution or prep pads, Neosporin ointment, Plasters, gauze, tape
Insect repellent and after-bite cream
Other useful things:
Camera (memory cards)
Plastic bags for keeping gear dry
Photo album (to show the local people your family etc.)
A pair of binoculars will be available as are sleeping mats.
You will be provided with personal saddle bags which are big enough to fit lunch, camera, water bottle, sun cream etc. A raincoat or warm jacket can be tied (securely!) to your saddle.
You will definitely need plenty of warm clothes. The basic problem with temperature in Mongolia is that it is highly variable, between day and night and from day to day. In June/July/Aug it is likely to be warm during the day, but could be below zero at night. By September it can start to get cool during the day. It tends to get cold sitting around the campfire in the evening at any time of year. So you need to bring light clothing for warm days, and plenty of warm clothing for the evening. A down jacket is good, because it squashes down when not being worn. A good 3-4 season sleeping bag and therma-rest type sleeping mat is essential. It is unlikely to rain a great deal, but you do need a good waterproof coat in case. A light pair of waterproof over-trousers is also a good idea. We have also been snowed on at all times of year, but they tend to be brief falls! You are much more likely to get sunburnt, so bring a wide-brimmed hat, or cap, or your favourite cowboy hat (with a cord to hold it on if riding fast).
It is a good idea to bring more clothes than you think you will need. It is possible to leave gear at your hotel in Ulaanbaatar, if you decide you have too much, and to leave the clothes you flew in. We have large bags to put your gear in, so you can leave your travelling bags in UB if you wish. If you do forget something vital, it is possible to purchase outdoor clothing and gear in UB, but it is not recommended (much of it is fake, or more expensive than back home). Traditional dels are not cheap but are very warm and look great!
We find that people tend to underestimate how much warm clothing they really need. We can confirm that what you intend to bring will be adequate, if you send us your proposed clothing list. If you find yourself short of clothing or equipment, hiring from a place such as www.trekhireuk.com or similar is a good option.
You can get away with just one pair of light hiking boots, which are good for riding in and for hiking, and also for wandering around the streets of Ulaanbaatar. No need for serious hiking boots, or ones which are particularly waterproof since if they get wet they will dry quickly. The stirrup irons are wide enough to take light hiking boots. Some people do prefer to take a pair of short riding boots, which are also fine, and keep another pair of boots for around the camp, or a pair of sandals (depending on the time of year). We provide chaps, so there is no need to bring long riding boots. There is a 15kg weight limit for domestic flights, so try not to pack too generously.
Duffel bags are provided to put your personal gear in, so you can leave your own bags safely stored in UB. Alternatively you are welcome to take your own bags if you prefer
This is a 17 day/16 night programme with 13 days riding available on set departure dates from June to August. Small family groups can be accommodated on private trips, please make enquiries.
2019: 17 Jun (Cancelled); 6, 25 July.
2020: 7, 25 July
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Edge of Blue Heaven, by Benedict Allen (1999) (ISBN 0563383755). An entertaining account of this intrepid Englishman’s horse and camel trek through Mongolia.
Mongolia Lonely Planet, by Michael Kohn (2005) (ISBN 1-7459-359-6). The essential guide to Mongolia.
Genghis Khan – Life, Death and Resurrection, By John Man (2004) (ISBN 0593050444) Vividly brings to life the ancient Mongolian Empire.
The Story of The Weeping Camel (2003), film about a family in the Gobi desert.
Amka and the Three Golden Rules (2014). Great little movie. Everything you need to know about contemporary small-town life and a parable to warn Mongolians about greed from the mining boom. Trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_C8FDm17l1k
Nomads of Mongolia (2016). A wonderful short film featuring the nomadic herders and eagle hunting culture from the Altai Mountains where we ride. Full movie: https://youtu.be/JsKNIeuKDrE
'On the trail of Ghengis Khan' - about the epic journey of Tim Cope from Mongolia to Hungary
'Hearing birds fly', Louisa Waugh - a fascinating description of a year spent living in a village in Bayan Ulgii, in the west of Mongolia, near where we will be.
Gantsara, by Ian Robinson - wrote this book about his ride across Mongolia in the 90s. Ian sometimes leads these trips now.
For history, this is great, but you need plenty of time: http://www.dancarlin.com/product/hardcore-history-43-wrath-of-the-khans-i/
Hunting with Eagles: In the Realm of the Mongolian Kazakhs Photographer Palani Mohan
Non-riding companions are welcome to travel in the support vehicle, during the ride, meeting up with the group at the end of each day. This is a great way to meet the local people as the driver stops and visits his relatives along the way. There is also the opportunity to hike, and to fish in the rivers and lakes. The cost of the trip for non-riders is the same as for riders (they would be part of the maximum 10 people group size).
Ibex, elk and wolves are still seen regularly along with some bears. In the forests there are still wild boar, deer and wolves, and local people say there are rare argali sheep in the mountains. Out on the steppe you will see numerous raptors, demoiselle cranes, and other birdlife. In spring there is an amazing profusion of wild flowers in the mountains. Mongolia is home to the world’s only true wild horse, the takhi or Przewalski’s horse. Once extinct in the wild, it is now making a comeback after successful reintroductions. Herds of domestic yaks, camels, sheep, goats and of course horses roam at will.
Please note, we will require a copy of your passport (photograph or scan of the ID page) to arrange internal flights, park permits and boarder permits.
Washing: There is normally the opportunity to have a hot shower on the day before starting riding, and after, although this can't be guaranteed. There are also opportunities to swim in the rivers and lakes if the weather is warm enough. We always camp by a water source, so there will always be water for a wash, and plenty of firewood to heat it up a little if necessary.
Customs: You will have the opportunity to stop in and drink tea with the local nomadic people in their gers. Ger etiquette is a minefield, so your hosts will explain the do’s (eg. place your right hand under your left elbow when receiving or giving things) and the don’ts (eg. touch another person’s hat).
Participation required: Local wranglers are responsible for looking after the horses, but you are more than welcome to assist and learn local techniques. You are encouraged to help with preparation of meals. Pitching of your tent is your responsibility, with assistance when needed. It is hoped that you will contribute to camping activities such as gathering of firewood. We welcome your input when deciding on potential routes while riding.
Gifts: Your hosts carry various useful things to give to people when they think it is appropriate, such as notebooks and pencils for the kids, which they get in UB. Not sweets unfortunately. You do not need to bring gifts with you, although things which you can share with people when visiting are good, rather than simply handing something over. An example is snuff, which is often ritually shared between men when they meet (and honorary ‘men’ from foreign lands!). You should be able to buy small tins of flavoured snuff in your country (menthol is particularly popular). A few photos showing you riding or doing something interesting back home are also useful.
Visiting Ulaan Baatar: When people ask about staying in Ulaan Baatar it is suggested that two extra days is the most you would want to allow. That will let people see the Natural History and National History museums, which are both excellent, Gandan Monastery, the Bogd Khan's Winter Palace, and Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum, which are the main sites of interest. Hanging out in Sukhbaatar Square, a classic Soviet-style expanse, and watching the people is great too. There are some excellent cultural shows in the evening, including throat singing.
A day trip out to Khustai National Park to see the Przeswalski horses is a good idea, or even overnight (there are comfortable ger camps to stay in).
Overall, one day would get you the highlights, two would cover it completely, and by day three the traffic, crowds and pickpockets will be too much!
Mongolia is a huge landlocked country, more than six times the size of the UK, sandwiched between Russia and China. It is also one of the highest countries in the world, with an average elevation of 1580m. Mongolia can be divided into six distinct zones including desert, steppe, mountain and taiga. The southern third of Mongolia is dominated by the Gobi Desert.
The name 'Mongolia' has always stirred up visions of the untamed - Genghis Khan, camels wandering the Gobi Desert and wild horses galloping across the steppes. Even today, outside of Ulaan Baatar you may get the feeling you've stepped into another century rather than another country.
Mongolia is seven or eight hours ahead of GMT depending on which part of the country you are in. They use the metric weights and measures system, so kilometres and kilograms instead of miles and pounds. There is approximately 1.6 kilometres in a mile and 2.2 pounds in a kilogram.
The major religion is Tibetan Buddhism.