The "Big 5" is what everyone dreams of seeing on an African Safari. Lion, elephant, buffalo, rhino and leopard. For experienced riders here is an exclusive safari which gives you the chance to see all these and experience Africa as our forefathers did - from the back of bush wise Boerperd horses. A must for anyone serious about game viewing.
There are 2 programs available: The 8d/7n Big 5 Safari which explores the whole reserve area and includes 2 nights at XiDulu camp and one night fly camp; and the 6d/5n Big 5 Camp Safari where we are based in luxury safari tents with en-suite bathrooms, mounted on platforms above the Makhutswe River throughout. The programme for a departure date is decided by the first to book a date, Big 5 Safari is listed as default but may be changed if there are no there bookings for a week.
Luxurious safari tents are perched on wooden platforms overlooking the Makhutswe River, with hot and cold shower and a toilet with a view to remember! Gourmet meals are prepared over an open fire daily. There is a swimming pool to relax around at midday. A qualified and armed ranger accompanies you in exploring the 31000 hectare private reserve on this wonderful horse riding holiday.
Please Note: The opinions expressed in these reviews are the author's and do not necessarily reflect the views of Unicorn Trails Ltd. These reviews are "directly from the horses mouth" and unedited. Unicorn Trails may make additional comments for clarification clearly identified in red.
Review received from JH of Valencia on 26/10/2018
Big 5 Safari Itinerary (8 days/7nights):
The Big 5 Safari is one of the few places in the world where you can see wildlife in its natural environment from the back of a horse. On this riding holiday, good riding skills are essential. The itineraries below are an example, not a guarantee.
You will be picked up at either Hoedspruit airport by the transfer service (about 1 hours drive.) On arrival a light lunch or afternoon tea and coffee awaits you. Philip, your guide, will introduce you to the safety procedures before going on your first safari. This orientation ride takes you through the area surrounding the camp as you unwind from your journey and forget yourself in the peace of the African bush. This is your chance to become accustomed to our horses and riding style. We might even see the first giraffe or zebra. Sundowners, looking out towards the Drakensberg mountains, are a perfect prelude to the generous 3 course dinner, accompanied by hand picked South African wines, which awaits you in our dining area. Furnished with antique African art. The first night, with all its fantastic sounds and noises, is probably the most exciting one. Accommodation for these first two nights is in luxury safari tents with en-suite bathrooms, mounted on platforms above the Makhutswe River.
We wake you with tea or coffee in the morning. After a light, continental breakfast we are ready to mount our horses and go on safari. The weather will create our day. But usually we ride for 3-4 hours in the morning and 2-3 hours in the afternoon. After we return from our morning ride a big lunch awaits us with homemade quiches, pizzas or pancakes, freshly baked bread and lots of green salads, meats and cheeses. After lunch the hardest time of the day has arrived, siesta. You can spend your well deserved rest in your room, or at the swimming pool or may be you would like to improve your knowledge about Africa by reading one of our books provided in our library. Afternoon tea and coffee strengthen us for our next adventure. Our afternoon ride ends at a beautiful sundowner spot where drink in hand we enjoy an often colourful sunset!
Another exciting day awaits you. The morning is similar to the one on day 2, but today we will go on an exciting drive to our buffalo project in the afternoon. Gerti will take you to the furthest northern corner of the reserve, all along the
Makuthswe River to hopefully find the beautiful beast. Over lunchtime you are welcome to have a relaxing massage by our therapist. There is a well prepared massage sala where everything is there for your comfort. Today is also the chance to acquire some of our merchandise material. From fleeces, fleecy jackets and sweatshirts to shirts, T-shirts, golf tops, hats, beanies to beads there is a beautiful and fashionable selection of safari outfits available.
In the afternoon we pack our bags, leaving for Beacon Rock and XiDulu camp, staying away for all in all three nights. The luggage will be brought by vehicle, whilst you set off on horseback. Riding south, passing with baited breath between the twin rock formations of Lion and Leopard Hill. The gently undulating roads in this area lend themselves to long easy canters. Giraffe, Zebras or wildebeest may pick up the pace and run by your side, elegantly maneuvering through the veldt. Beacon Rock, our fly camp, is situated at a giant rock formation from where you can overlook the whole Lowveld escarpment. A quick scramble up to the top rewards you with a spectacular panorama over the whole reserve and the perfect vantage point to witness a blood red sun fall behind the looming Drakensberg Escarpment. Under the stars, around a campfire, surrounded by our horses, we spend the night at our fly camp below Beacon Rock. Listening to the call of the hyenas or jackals, which might visit us in the night. Steaks or chops, cooked over the open fire, with snakebites, baked potatoes and salads are the perfect fayre to help us into a deep sleep tonight.
Waking to the rich colours of the sunrise we revive the fire for coffee and breakfast before embarking on our longest ride. Entering the Makalali Game Reserve, dominated by huge open planes, where you might find yourself cantering next to giraffes, zebras or wildebeest. Spectacular views, over big distances show you the way to XiDulu, our next camp for the night. This brand new camp is definitely of a five star level. The camp is privately owned and not used for commercial tourists.
The afternoon siesta is followed by a game drive. An open top Landrover will follow the directions of your native tracker as he reads the signs left by the big cats during the day. The resident guide, Patson, is exceptional with many safari clients opting to do another game drive with him, instead of a ride, as he is so knowledgeable and enthusiastic. After a long, slow Gin, watching the sunset, the drive continues into the night, where, with luck, some of the nocturnal wildlife will show its face. Bushbabies, owls, maybe even a leopard, may complete your day’s excitement. Dinners are served either at the edge of a big dam, in the dining area or outside under the stars in a torch lit boma.
Today we go exploring, cutting through the veldt at a canter, twisting and turning around the trees “what Philip calls bushwhacking” and your surefooted horse carries you nimbly through the undergrowth, changing direction as you guide his course, having just as much fun as you. Here and there a tree, felled by an elephant, provides an irresistible jump. Or perhaps the eland, or kudu, seeing us pass, fall in front of us to show us the best path. At the top of the hill you pause for thought, as mile after mile of unspoiled Africa stretches away before you. Served on banana leaves, have fresh salads, meats and cheeses for lunch on the veranda, whilst you watch nyala, waterbuck, kudu or other little animals roaming the river systems. Refreshed after a well deserved siesta, we ride to a nearby dam, where Hippos live during the heat of the day. Let them entertain you, playing in the water, rolling and laughing. With luck, a crocodile will be relaxing on a sandbank, enjoying the warm evening sun.
A long ride lies ahead of us, leaving the XiDulu camp behind us, riding back to Wait A Little. What will we see on our way? This is always open to the wildlife, tracks of elephant, lion, rhino, and giraffe determine Philips path. At home the team eagerly awaits your exciting tales whilst we enjoy another one of Ana’s fantastic lunches. The last sundowner on Wait A Little's open plain will be sad, but beautiful, impressive and absolutely unique. The African fever might have caught you as well and the good bye can be hard. For your farewell dinner Gerti chooses something special - perhaps game fillets like kudu or eland served on pasta with sherry sauce.
An early wake up will get us on the horses quickly, so we can enjoy a short, sporty ride to finish your horse riding holiday before the transfer service brings you to the airport.
Big 5 Camp Safari Itinerary (6 days/5 nights):
You will be picked up at either Hoedspruit or Phalaborwa airport by our transfer service. A pick up from Johannesburg OR TAMBO direct can also be arranged. On arrival at the reserve a light lunch or afternoon tea and coffee awaits you.
The safari team, including Philip and Gerti, are there to welcome you. Your guides will introduce you to the safety procedures before going on your first riding safari. This orientation ride takes you through the area surrounding the camp as you unwind from your journey and forget yourself in the peace of the African bush. This is your chance to become accustomed to our horses and riding style. We might even see the first giraffe or zebra. Sundowners, looking out towards the Drakensberg Mountains, are a perfect prelude to the generous 3 course dinner, accompanied by hand-picked South African wines, which awaits you in our dining area, furnished with antique African art.
The first night, with all its fantastic sounds and noises, is probably the most exciting one. Accommodation is in old style safari tents with en-suite bathrooms, mounted on platforms above the Makhutswe River at the main camp.
We wake you with tea or coffee in the morning. After a light, continental breakfast we are ready to mount our horses and go on safari. The weather will create our day. But usually we ride for 3-4 hours in the morning and 2-3 hours in the afternoon.
After we return from our morning ride a big lunch awaits us with homemade quiches, pizzas or pancakes, freshly baked bread and lots of green salads, meats and cheeses.
After lunch the hardest time of the day has arrived, siesta. You can spend your well-deserved rest in your room, or at the swimming pool or may be you would like to improve your knowledge about Africa by reading one of the books provided in our library.
Afternoon tea and coffee strengthen us for our next adventure. Our afternoon ride ends at a beautiful sundowner spot where drink in hand we enjoy an often colouful sunset!
Another exciting day awaits you. The morning is similar to the one on day 2, but today we will go on an exciting drive to our buffalo project in the afternoon.
Over lunchtime you are welcome to have a relaxing massage by our therapist. There is a well-prepared massage sala where everything is there for your comfort.
Gerti will take you to the furthest northern corner of the reserve, all along the Makuthswe River to hopefully find the beautiful buffalo beast. Here we will enjoy our sundowner followed by a night drive back home.
Today is also the chance to acquire some of our merchandise material. From feeces, fleecy jackets and sweatshirts to shirts, T-shirts, golf tops, hats, beanies to beads there is a beautiful and fashionable selection of safari outfits available.
In the afternoon we pack a small bag as we will stay out for the night. Your luggage will be brought by vehicle, whilst you set off on horseback. Riding south, passing with baited breath between the twin rock formations of Lion and Leopard Hill. The gently undulating roads in this area lend themselves to long easy canters. Giraffe, Zebras or wildebeest may pick up the pace and run by your side, elegantly maneuvering through the veldt. Beacon Rock, our fly camp, is situated at a giant rock formation from where you can overlook the whole Lowveld escarpment. A quick scramble up to the top rewards you with a spectacular panorama over the whole reserve and the perfect vantage point to witness a blood red sun fall behind the looming Drakensberg Escarpment.
Under the stars, around a campfire, surrounded by our horses, we spend the night. Listening to the call of the hyenas or jackals, which might visit us in the night. Steaks or chops, cooked over the open fire, with snakebites, baked potatoes and salads are the perfect fayre to help us into a deep sleep tonight.
Waking to the rich colours of the sunrise we revive the fire for coffee and breakfast before embarking. Today we are heading South to the Karongwe river where the hyenas often have their den. It’ll be a long ride back to the reserve where we enjoy yet another one of Anna’s wonderful lunches. There would be another chance for a massage over lunch. The last sundowner on the open plain will be sad, but beautiful, impressive and absolutely unique. The African fever might have caught you as well and the good-bye can be hard. For your farewell dinner Gerti chooses something special - perhaps game fillets like kudu or eland served on pasta with sherry sauce.
An early wake up will get us on the horses quickly, so we can enjoy a short, sporty ride before the transfer service takes you to the Airport. Thank you so much for your visit.
Please note: This itinerary is given for guidance only. Itineraries may be changed according to conditions on the ground at the time.
The Big 5 Safari consists of a 7 night mobile safari; 4 nights in base camp, 1 night in Beacon Rock fly camp and 2 nights at the XiDulu camp.
The Big 5 Camp Safari consists of a 5 night camp safari; 4 nights at base camp, 1 night in Beacon Rock fly camp.
The first to book a week will decide the programme for the week (Big 5 Safari or Camp Safari).
Please note that there is one single room available at all camps for no extra charge, subject to availability on request at the time of booking. Otherwise there is no single supplement payable if guests are willing to share accommodation.
Transfer prices are subject to change due to fluctuations in fuel prices.
Please note: All itineraries are given for your guidance only and it may be altered on the ground and in accordance with the prevailing conditions by the organising team.
On this ride the predominant breed is the ‘South African Boerperd’. A beautiful and elegant type of horse, sensitive, responsive, well tempered, forward going and very brave. Other breeds used are Arab, Appaloosa and the American Quarter Horse ranging from 14.3 to 17hh. They are all well schooled, responsive, even tempered and in excellent condition.
There is a suitable horse (43 horses) for the competitive rider as well as for the steady hack. Every effort is made to match horse and rider. All horses are trained in basic dressage in the riding arena to ensure that your horse is responsive, well mannered and fun to ride. The training loosens their backs and softens their mouths so the horse is more in balance when on trail. All horses are spirited and forward going, some obviously more than others.
Saddles: on trail we ride on Leon Liversage Endurance saddles which are specifically designed for long distance rides. The saddle distributes the weight equally on the horses back and is in addition very comfortable for the rider. You sit automatically straight, so better for you and your horses back. Each horses back is different, so not every saddle fits every horse. The saddles come in different sizes and lengths. We prefer sending our horses in Leon's endurance saddles, they sit better on the horses back for long distance riding. However, the training of the horses is obviously done in English dressage saddles and alternatively we can offer English saddles on trail. We do offer seat savers and sheepskins for comfort.
Almost all horses go in a loose ring snaffle. Two or three go in a rubber Pelham for their own comfort.
Minimum riding ability is to post trot and canter for stretches of 10 minutes at a time, to be comfortable at all paces and to be able to gallop out of trouble. It is a great advantage if you are a fit and proficient rider.
Sporty and long canters require a good level of riding. Bushwhacking with little jumps is one of Philips specialities and with a good balance it is great fun.
The minimum age is 12 years old. A 20 % discount is given for children between the age of 12 and 16 years (already calculated in the child price).
The weight limit for this ride is 15 st/209 lb/95 kg, please enquire if you are an experienced rider exceeding this weight.
Base camp: Accommodation is in huge double-bedded canvas safari tents on platforms individually built and furnished in luxurious African safari style with private outside bathroom. From the decks you enjoy a magnificent view over the Makhutswe River. You can enjoy a drink at the bar or relax at the swimming pool. The main area is equipped with a library giving you the chance to read about the wildlife, flora and fauna of South Africa. Please note that one single room is provided at all camps for people who don’t want to share accommodation without paying supplement, according to availability.
XiDulu has 5 rooms, 3 chalets with king size beds, and a honeymoon suite which is just a little bit bigger and has got its own private sala and fireplace. All rooms have hot inside and outside showers, a bath, toilet, air-condition and a private veranda. There is another smaller room in the main area, with a queen bed, inside and outside shower, basin, toilet and air-condition which is used for the single option. The main area has two dining areas, one outside eating area, a bar, a barbecue and an infinity pool with a built-in jacuzzi at the edge of the dam.
Beacon Rock (fly-camp): Sleep out camp, situated on a rock formation, the highest point in the area, with a magnificent view over the Lowveld Escarpment. We sleep on mattresses under the stars on top of the rock or under a shelter, having a huge campfire going, enjoying the sounds of the night.
Vegetarian or other dietary requirements can be accommodated with advanced notice. Please contact Unicorn Trails with requests.
Please note that it is your responsibility to ensure you have the correct documentation in place for your trip. You must be in possession of a passport that is valid for at least 6 months after your return date and has at least 3 blank pages. If Visa’s are required the requirements can change from year to year depending on diplomatic relations. Please request information from the appropriate Consulate in your home country. Unicorn Trails will assist with any questions you have or supply any necessary supporting documents as required by the consulate on request.
NEW RULES ON TRAVELLING WITH CHILDREN - DEC 2019:
Children who are foreign nationals from countries where visas are required will no longer have to carry supporting documents. This is because they would have been required to provide these during the visa application process.
Children who are foreign nationals from countries where visas are not required may be asked to produce supporting documents upon entry. Even though producing supporting documents is no longer compulsory, travellers are strongly advised to carry the supporting documents.
In the case of countries that endorse the particulars of parents in children’s passports, or other official identification documents, these documents shall be sufficient to establish the identity of the parents of the travelling minor.
General Entry Requirement Information:
A valid passport is required for travel to South Africa for U.K. or most other European nationals. Visas are issued on arrival to South Africa, please check there are two clear blank pages in your passport and it is valid for at least six months. In the UK the British Foreign Office gives travel advice on 020 7008 0230/0233.
In South Africa the UK High Commission is at No.19 Parliament Street, Cape Town, 8001, Tel +27 21461 7220.
The High Commission for the Republic of South Africa in the U.K is at South Africa House, Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DP. Telephone: (020) 7451 7299. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
There is almost year-round sunshine, it can get rather hot in the summer month (October-March) averaging 32°C. Don’t be surprised to find your late afternoon growing heavy with pregnant clouds and being refereshed a short drenching thunderstorm. Winter (April-September) is a sunny season of chilly early mornings, warm to hot midday’s (25° C) and cool to cold nights (can get down to 5° C at night in June and July).
Awareness of Malaria risk and bite avoidance is recommended and if travelling to an area of Malaria risk in season we recommend speaking to your doctor about antimalarial medication. Current Malaria areas are; North-eastern Kwazulu-Natal, low altitude areas of Mpumalanga and low altitude areas of Limpopo. Malaria season is in the summer or rainy season. All travellers should avoid insect and tick bites day and night by using insect repellent and should wear adequate sun protection during the day.
According to the 2018 UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic South Africa has the biggest HIV epidemic in the world, with 7.1 million people living with HIV. HIV prevalence is high among the general population at 18.9%. You should exercise normal precautions to avoid exposure to HIV/AIDS; avoid contact with bodily fluids and keep any cuts or wounds properly clean and covered.
We advise speaking to your doctor at least 8 weeks before your trip, to check the latest country-specific health advice and to see if you need any additional vaccinations or precautions while travelling. Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation. There is no reciprocal health care agreement between the United Kingdom and South Africa.
Health and medical facilities are generally of a good standard and readily available near larger centres. If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 10177 and ask for an ambulance. You should contact your insurance/ medical assistance company promptly if you are referred to a medical facility for treatment.
It is recommended you start anti-malarial precuations before arriving in the South African lowveld, see your doctor for details.
The electricity supply requires a 3-holed, round pinned adapter. If you have a European two pinned adapter you can buy an adapter at Johannesburg Airport.
There is electricity and WiFi available at the base camp and some of the other camps to enable you to recharge your camera equipment. It is advisable to bring any film/batteries you need with you. There is no electricity at the fly-camp.
Bring the riding gear you are the most comfortable in as you will be spending many hours in the saddle - probably more then you are used to. New riding gear needs to be worn in, it is not a good idea to do this on an 8 day horse safari where you can spend up to 7 hours in the saddle in a warm climate!
Pack some jods and riding shoes in your hand-luggage, a change of underwear and a toothbrush and whatever else you think is absolutely necessary. If your bag gets lost it is of great advantage to have your well-fitting riding gear in hand. The ride can help you out with leisure clothes, but your own riding gear (in particular your boots) just fit better!
We do recommend wearing helmets, however it is not compulsory on this safari. If you decide to ride with a helmet, a good ventilated helmet has its advantages. There is a good collection of helmets on safari, but again, your own fits better and will be safer!
Make sure you have your travel documents and in particular, your travel/medical insurance details close to you.
Suggested packing list:
Riding hat or wide brimmed hat for sun protection
Jodhpurs or any kind of riding trousers,
Half or full chaps
Light cotton trousers to wear under chaps or in the evenings
Shorts for the midday break
Long sleeved shirts that give protection from the sun while riding
Riding shoes - comfortable riding boots with thin tread and low heels
Casual evening clothes
Sweat shirt or jersey
Warm jacket in winter (May to August)
Sunglasses (best secured on string)
Camera plus films/batteries/charging equipment
Laundry can be done at base camp. Beds are complete with sheets, duvets and duvet covers. Towels are provided.
This programme is available most weeks all year round including Christmas and New Year.
2019: Big 5 Safari 8d/7n
Big 5 Camp safaris 6d/5n which can either start or end on a Saturday.
Saturday to Saturday dates throughout the year. The first to book a date decides the programme for that date. (21 Jul, 24 Aug, 31 Aug, 14 Sept, 5 Oct, 12 Oct, 23 Nov, 7 Dec, 29 Dec FULL)
|Riding days||Product item description||£|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||double pp||2,625|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||child 12-16 years||2,099|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||single supplement||1,315|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||double pp||3,939|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||single supplement||1,969|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||child 12-16 years||3,149|
|Riding days||Product item description||€|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||double pp||2,909|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||child 12-16 years||2,325|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||single supplement||1,455|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||double pp||4,359|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||single supplement||2,179|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||child 12-16 years||3,489|
|Riding days||Product item description||$|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||double pp||3,385|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||child 12-16 years||2,709|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||single supplement||1,695|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||double pp||5,075|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||single supplement||2,539|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||child 12-16 years||4,059|
|Riding days||Product item description||SEK|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||double pp||30,595|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||child 12-16 years||24,475|
|2019 Big 5 Camp Safari||6d/5n||6||single supplement||15,299|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||double pp||45,895|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||single supplement||22,945|
|2019 Big 5 Safari||8d/7n||8||child 12-16 years||36,715|
‘Land Mammals of Southern Africa’ – Smithers; ‘Memories of a Game Ranger’ – Harry Wolhunter; ‘Birds of Southern Africa’ – Ken Newman; ‘Cry, The Beloved Country’ – Alan Paton, ‘Jock of the Bushveld’ – Fitzpatrick, ‘A Chain of Voices’ – Andre Brink, ‘Long Walk to Freedom’ – Nelson Mandela. For the equestrian traveller who would like to see what is possible on horseback visit www.thelongridersguild.com also a fantastic place to acquire your equestrian travel books is www.horsetravelbooks.com
Game drives including a night drive can be done during your stay.
The reserve is situated near the Kruger National Park and this area offers many other activities and excursions. Trips in the Park, Blyde River Canyon, the beautiful mountains of Magkobaskloof, visit of the orphan animal project at Tshukudu Game Lodge, the Snake Park, Kapama Cheetah Project or Moholoholo Bird Sanctuary can be organised. Very exciting is to join a research game drive on the Reserve. All these activities are at extra cost.
Game is plentiful on the Reserves including elephant, rhino, lion, leopard, buffalo, wild dog, cheetah, spotted and brown hyena, giraffe, zebra, wildebeest, kudu, bushbuck, steenbok, duiker, impala, waterbuck, blackbacked and sidestriped jackal, honey badger, baboon, vervet monkey, mongoose, warthog, bushpig, tortoise; special nocturnal creatures are porcupine, aardvark, civet, genet, caracal, serval, spring hare; water species are hippo, crocodile, otter and terrapins. Lot's of bird species are seen, especially at the big dams and along the rivers.
With the background of the Drakensberg mountains, Karongwe Game Reserve covers an area of 30000ha prime African bushveld. The reserve has various ecosystems ranging from open plains, woodlands, hills and kopies, to riverine and gullies. The three rivers that cross the reserve are the lifeline of the region and supports an impressive population of big trees, plants and wildlife such as hippo, crocodile, bushbuck, kudu, nyala, waterbuck and many different species of birds.
Safety on the trail:
All rides are lead by Philip, a FGASA (Field Guide Association of South Africa) qualified guide and followed by a back-up rider. All camps and vehicles have radio contact, research teams are monitoring the big game and the guide carries a hand held radio. A safety briefing is held at the beginning of the safari, how to handle big game situations. A first aid kit is carried on each ride.
Clients will be ask to sign an indemnity before going on safari.
South Africa's land area is 1,228,376 km.2 (larger than The Netherlands, Belgium, France, Italy & Germany combined). It borders Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland & Zimbabwe to the north, and entirely surrounds Lesotho (a total land border of 4,750 km.) It has a coastline of 2,954 km, with few natural harbours.
The average day in South Africa starts early so the main work of the day is complete before the sun starts to really burn. Shops are open from around 07.30am and it is also acceptable to call people at that time.
South Africa is an exhilarating, spectacular and complex country. With its post-apartheid identity still in the process of definition, there is undoubtedly an abundance of energy and sense of progress about the place. The infrastructure is constantly improving, the climate is kind and there are few better places to see Africa's wildlife..
The international dialing code for South Africa is +27 and they use the metric weights and measures system, so kilometres and kilograms instead of miles and pounds. There is approximately 1.6 kilometres in a mile and 2.2 pounds in a kilogram. The time zone is GMT plus two hours.